Recipes, Side dishes
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Eggplant Relish With Atraf At-tib – Medieval Arabic Spice Mix

I love searching for old, ancient recipes from around the world. It doesn’t only give me an idea of what people used to eat or how they cooked, but it gives an idea about their life in general and puts food in a historical context.


Eggplant Relish - B


This recipe partially consists of such an ancient recipe, a Medieval Arabic spice mix called “atraf at-tib”. I went through several texts to understand what it actually is, and I found this sentence, a citation as definition of atraf at-tib:


” . . .definition of “atraf at-tib”; it is a spice mixture very often used in cooking; this mixture includes lavender, areca (betel) nut, bay leaves, nutmeg, mace, cardamom, cloves, rosebuds, beechnuts, ginger and pepper, this last being previously ground separately.” [Rodinson, “Recherches”, pp. 132, 152. (I took this citation, which is a translation from the original text in French, from here.)


Eggplant Relish - C


Eggplant Relish - D


So, I saw a version of this spice mix on an eggplant recipe on and I made my own spice mix from the ones I could find on the list. I modified the eggplant part too: in the original recipe it calls for eggplant cubes to be boiled and then added to spices that are roasted with sesame oil. I changed the whole thing to be sautéed in sesame oil instead of boiling, I like the nutty taste this brings.


Eggplant Relish - E


I watched a documentary series over the weekend about 6 spices that changed the course of history (a BBC documentary that you can find here). Since then I am looking at the spices in a whole different, refreshed way. After all, life would be extremely dull without spices, wouldn’t it?




Difficulty:  ★☆☆ (Easy)
(serves 6)


Printable PDF recipe – no photos


For atraf at-tib (spice mix):
1 tsp dried lavender (in Helsinki, you can find this in Ruohonjuuri)
1 bay leaf
1/2 tsp ground nutmeg
1 tsp ground cardamom
2 whole cloves
1 tsp ground ginger
1/2 tbsp black peppercorns


For the eggplant relish:
1 eggplant, about 400 gr., peeled as seen in the photo
1 + 1/2 tsp salt, divided (the first one is for soaking the eggplant, the second is for cooking it)
3 garlic cloves
3 tbsp roasted sesame oil
1 tsp ground coriander
1 tsp ground cumin
1 tbsp roasted sesame seeds
1/2 tbsp atraf at-tib
200 gr. thick plain yogurt (Turkish or Greek)


If you want to make an open sandwich:
a few slices of your favourite bread (I bought fresh, whole wheat baguette for this)


Eggplant Relish - ing 1


Eggplant Relish - ing 2


1. Cut the eggplant in small cubes. Put in a bowl / container and cover with water. Put 1 tsp salt, mix it (just mix with your hand or a spoon). Let it sit for 20 minutes. This will remove the bitter taste of eggplants.


Eggplant Relish - 1A


Eggplant Relish - 1B


Eggplant Relish - 1C


Eggplant Relish - 1D


2. While eggplant is in the water, prepare the spice mix. Put all the ingredients for atraf at-tib and grind and mix them using a mortar and pestle. Now this takes tons of time so if you have a spice mill, then use that!! I definitely decided to buy one after my left arm gained extra muscle from doing this spice mix.. When the mix is ready, put aside.


Eggplant Relish - 2A


Eggplant Relish - 2B


3. Mince garlic cloves.


Eggplant Relish - 3


4. Drain the eggplant cubes and pat them dry with paper towel (doesn’t have to be too dry, just get the excess water as much as possible). In a slightly big pan, warm sesame oil in medium heat for about a minute. Add minced garlic and eggplant cubes. Cook them all by constantly stirring with a wooden spoon.


Eggplant Relish - 4A


Eggplant Relish - 4B


5. Once the garlic-eggplant mixture is cooked, add cumin, coriander, 1/2 tsp salt and roughly half of sesame seeds. Continue cooking for a little more again by stirring constantly, until you are sure all the spices are well mixed with eggplants.


Eggplant Relish - 5B


Eggplant Relish - 5C


Eggplant Relish - 5D


Eggplant Relish - 5E


Eggplant Relish - 5F


6. Put cooked eggplant in a container large enough to do some more mixing. If you are planning to make an open sandwich, then do NOT wash the pan yet. Add roughly half of atraf-at-tib and yogurt and mix well.


Eggplant Relish - 6A


Eggplant Relish - 6B


Eggplant Relish - 6C


Eggplant Relish - 6D


7. (at this point I put the mixture in another bowl, just for fun…) Before serving, sprinkle the rest of sesame seeds and atraf at-tib on top of the relish.


Eggplant Relish - 7A


Eggplant Relish - 7B


8. To make a toast / open sandwich: toast bread slices in a toaster first a little. Then transfer them to the unwashed pan, put the pan on medium heat, (you may want to press on the bread slices with your hand), let at least one side of each slice to get the remaining aromatic sesame oil on the pan. Top with the relish (the relish will taste much better if you let it cool for about half an hour).


Eggplant Relish - 8



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